Viewpoints | Dec 29,2018
Feb 3 , 2024
A faced with the daunting task of navigating through political instability, economic turmoil, and social unrest, Ethiopia is at a crossroads that could lead to a prosperous future or a dystopian reality. The predicament not only poses a significant threat to its survival. Its fate draws global attention due to its potential implications.
Political volatility has become a persistent issue, with the federal government struggling to maintain stability at a time of growing tensions. No less is the economic front daunting. Ethiopia is dealing with rampant inflation and high unemployment rates, which are not just statistics but represent the harsh realities for millions of its citizens. The economic despair fuels desperation and contributes to the growing unrest.
At the heart of the crisis is a volatile political reality, exacerbated by economic strain, widespread social unrest, and pressing human rights issues. The ability to navigate these turbulent waters is crucial for the country's future. Central to Ethiopia's path forward is the pursuit of inclusive and transparent dialogue, which requires a platform where voices from all walks of life - government officials, opposition leaders, civil society, and religious figures - are not only heard but genuinely considered. The aim is to address past grievances and contemporary anxieties through empathy and compromise, promoting a sense of unity and rebuilding trust.
However, dialogue alone is insufficient to mend the deep fractures caused by several factors, including economic upheavals. Due to rampant inflation and high unemployment, policymakers should prioritise economic recovery.
This involves strategic investments in key sectors capable of catalysing growth. Agriculture, the backbone of the economy, is in dire need of modernisation. The potential of renewable energy resources like solar and wind remains largely untapped. Infrastructure development is another critical area, requiring both repair and expansion to support economic growth. Encouraging local entrepreneurship through financial support and regulatory reforms could spur a grassroots economic revival.
The human capital is another invaluable resource. Strengthening education and healthcare systems is essential, equipping the population with the skills and health necessary to thrive in a resurgent economy. Such investments represent not just an immediate benefit but are crucial for long-term sustainable and inclusive growth.
Ethiopia’s economic strategy should also focus on diversifying and boosting exports to improve its presence in the global market. This would help in generating foreign currency, creating jobs, and improving the country's competitive edge. Promoting import substitution through targeted industrial development and technology transfer could help reduce reliance on foreign goods, stabilise the trade balance, and fortify domestic industries.
Banks, particularly the publicly owned, play a crucial role. By providing accessible credit to farmers, entrepreneurs, exporters, and small businesses, these institutions can drive investment and stimulate economic growth. The state-owned banks' role in ensuring financial stability and managing foreign exchange reserves is also critical in building investors' confidence and setting the stage for economic prosperity. Economic empowerment has the potential to transcend financial benefits. By focusing on inclusive growth and equitable resource distribution, they can bridge divides of several cleavages, promoting a sense of shared purpose while paring the appeal for conflicts.
Sound macroeconomic policies are another pillar of the recovery strategy.
Ethiopia's economic revival is also inextricably linked to its diplomatic efforts. Managing external debts and securing access to maritime infrastructure requires deft negotiations and a commitment to transparency. These efforts are crucial in building international trust and securing development resources. Ethiopia’s diplomatic approach must balance immediate infrastructure needs with the necessity for stable, peaceful relations with neighbouring countries and the international community.
The country's fiscal situation requires a nuanced approach that ensures debt sustainability without stifling economic growth. Negotiators should engage in dialogue - and in good faith - with creditors and the international community, demonstrating a commitment to responsible debt management. Restoring strained relations with donors, addressing internal security issues, and driving policies toward sustainable economic health are delicate yet essential balancing acts.
Ethiopia’s future depends on its ability to steer through these myriad challenges successfully. By prioritising economic resurgence alongside dialogue and reconciliation, the country can lay a solid foundation for long-term stability and prosperity. This will empower society, attract vital development resources, and pave the way for a peaceful and prosperous future, where the cradle of civilisation once again nurtures a country at peace with itself and the world.
PUBLISHED ON Feb 03,2024 [ VOL 24 , NO 1240]
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