Fortune News | Sep 08,2019
Sep 10 , 2021
By Asegid Getachew ( is an assistant professor and research scholar at Andhra University. He can be reached at email@example.com. )
The world is reeling from the disastrous effects of climate change. Globally, an estimated 51 billion tonnes of greenhouse gasses are emitted into the atmosphere every year. Disasters such as floods, wildfires, tsunamis and famines have now become a common phenomenon. And not a single day passes by without some horrific climate change-related incident happening in some part of the globe.
Environmental issues have become major concerns for nations, organisations and individual consumers. Consumers, for instance, have become more environmentally conscious. They make an informed choice regarding the environmental impact of the items they are buying. They also select buyers based on the extent of their engagement and care for the environment.
An estimated 66pc of global consumers are willing to pay more for a product deemed environmentally safe. Among millennials, that number jumps to 72pc. Such actions of consumers should have somehow forced organisations to consider the issue of the environment seriously. But it did not.
Companies are responding through the practice of “Greenwashing,” an attempt to build a positive image regarding environmental engagement while, in reality, their actions are adversely damaging it. Close to 95pc of companies who claim to be “greener” hide behind what is known as “The Sins of Greenwashing,” according to Terra Choice, a private marketing and environmental consultancy based in Canada.
There is the “sin of the hidden trade-off," committed by suggesting a product is “green” based on an unreasonably narrow set of attributes without attention to other important environmental issues. "Sin of no proof" is where they commit by an environmental claim that cannot be substantiated by easily accessible supporting information or by a reliable third-party certification. The "sin of vagueness" helps them make claims that are poorly defined or broad that its real meaning is likely to be misunderstood by the consumer, while the "sin of irrelevance" allows them to make an environmental claim that may be truthful but is unimportant or unhelpful for consumers seeking environmentally preferable products.
Then there is the "sin of lesser of two evils," committed by claims that may be true in a narrow impact, but that risk distracting the consumer from the greater environmental impacts of the category as a whole. The "sin of fibbing" is making claims that are simply false and the "sin of worshipping false labels" is committed by a product that, through either words or images, gives the impression of third-party endorsement where no such endorsement actually exists.
There are countless firm-level cases of greenwashing throughout the world. The most famous one was committed by Volkswagen, one of the worlds largest car manufacturers.
“For all our products and mobility solutions, we aspire to minimise environmental impacts along the entire lifecycle – from raw material extraction until end-of-life – to keep ecosystems intact and to create positive impacts on society," reads Volkswagen's environmental mission statement. "Compliance with environmental regulations, standards and voluntary commitments is a basic prerequisite of our actions”.
They also brag about how their products are built to meet low emission requirements. However, investigations made by regulatory bodies in 2016 revealed that some brands of vehicles had been fitted with a “defeat device” that is purpose-built to escape emission tests. The system was designed to meet the stringent emission requirements and standards when the regulatory bodies in a laboratory check the engine. However, the system enters into a different mode when the car is on the road. In this setting, the car's performance gets enhanced and it starts to emit more greenhouse gases than the one registered in the laboratory.
An estimated total of elven million cars were fitted with the “defeat device.” Volkswagen lost billions of dollars in recalls, refittings and regulatory fines.
Companies like Volkswagen may benefit from the practice of greenwashing in at least two ways. Primarily, they enjoy the competitive position they garner in the name of environmental engagement. The additional cost associated with designing products and production systems to meet emission requirements also becomes lower. However, the combined effect makes the future of the world very uncertain.
Companies should start embracing the concept of sustainability. They should not prioritise their short-term profitability and growth objective over the growth needs of the future generation. Regulatory bodies should also enact strict rules and procedures regarding environmental issues. Their action should deter and weed out environmentally unsafe products and companies and encourage those who are sustainable in their practice.
Consumers should also play their own role by delegitimising companies whose products and manufacturing practices are at odds with the environment. It is only through such coordinated actions that the safety of the future generation is ensured.
PUBLISHED ON Sep 10,2021 [ VOL 22 , NO 1115]
Fortune News | Sep 08,2019
Covid-19 | Aug 08,2020
Fortune News | Oct 11,2020
Radar | Oct 10,2020
View From Arada | Jan 07,2023
Life Matters | Sep 17,2022
Life Matters | Jan 07,2022
Sunday with Eden | May 23,2020
Viewpoints | Dec 19,2021
Radar | Apr 12,2020
Photo Gallery | 67002 Views | May 06,2019
Photo Gallery | 58775 Views | Apr 26,2019
Fortune News | 51769 Views | Jul 18,2020
Fortune News | 51424 Views | Sep 01,2021
Commentaries | Mar 18,2023
Life Matters | Mar 18,2023
My Opinion | Mar 18,2023
Sunday with Eden | Mar 18,2023
Agenda | Mar 18,2023
Editorial | Mar 18,2023
Dec 24 , 2022
Biniam Mikru heads the department of cabinet affairs under Mayor Adanech Abiebie. But...
Jul 2 , 2022 . By RUTH TAYE
On a rainy afternoon last week, a coffee processing facility in the capital's Akaki-Qality District was abuzz with activ...
Nov 27 , 2021
Against my will, I have witnessed the most terrible defeat of reason and the most sa...
Nov 13 , 2021
Plans and reality do not always gel. They rarely do in a fast-moving world. Every act...
Leaders of the National Election Board are in a charm offensive mood, of a sort. Last week, they organised a rare tour for members of the me...
When the country's most senior diplomats and envoys return back to their posts after two-week debriefings, they leave behind a point or two...
Mar 18 , 2023
Ethiopia's economy once hailed as a paragon of growth and development, now faces a co...
Mar 11 , 2023
Ethiopia is rapidly emerging as one of China's top African debtors, second only to An...
Mar 4 , 2023
Once again, Ethiopia has claimed international attention in the past few weeks for re...
Feb 25 , 2023
Millions of people in Ethiopia have continued to be deprived of access to information...
I met Solomon Desta a couple of years ago. He lives and works in a religious institu...
A comedian made a joke about how citizens' wishes are not granted but rather what government thinks is ou...
Mar 18 , 2023
Residents in the capital are all too familiar with the rationing of running water supply as the 0.48 million cubic meters of water pumped ou...
Mar 18 , 2023 . By MUNIR SHEMSU
Consumers in the Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State feel the pinch of a high cost of living, exacerbated by...
Mar 18 , 2023 . By AKSAH ITALO
A Korean-based consultancy firm, DONG IL Engineering Consultants bagged the contract to conduct a detaile...
Mar 18 , 2023 . By AKSAH ITALO
Authorities raise the minimum price threshold for horticultural products on vegetables and fruits exporte...
Or see contact page