Editorial | Jul 10,2020
Apr 20 , 2019
By Desta Mebratu (Prof.) ( professor at Stellenbosch University in South Africa and a fellow of the African Academy of Sciences. )
Achieving a sustainable outcome from the Addis Abeba Riverside Revitalisation Project requires coupling the top-down with a bottom-up process, which generates adaptive and emergent solutions, writes Desta Mebratu (email@example.com), an extraordinary-professor at Stellenbosch University and head of a regional think-tank called ATLAS.
The Addis Ababa City Administration has launched a one billion dollar project to revitalise and convert the city's riverbanks into public spaces. This is a laudable initiative that is badly needed given the severe lack of public spaces in the city. It could also lead to multiple economic, social and environmental benefits provided that it is developed and implemented correctly.
While the rehabilitation of the river banks to serve as healthy public spaces is the primary objective, it is very critical to look at the immediate and long-term economic and social dividends that could be obtained from the implementation of this project. Such considerations will significantly contribute to establishing a broad sense of ownership of the project by the residents and communities, besides determining the overall sustainability of the project.
Nonetheless, there are a couple of questions that need to be critically considered to have such an outcome.
How does the overall design of the project fit seamlessly with the ecosystems of the river catchments? How can the implementation of the project promote local creativity and capacity building? How many jobs does it create both in the immediate and long-term and maximise the contribution of the project to the local economy over its lifetime? And how could it serve as a basis for broad participation of all stakeholders?
One of the primary reasons why most urban development projects in developing countries fail is due to their selective attention to top-down planning and implementation approaches that are focused on achieving a fixed end-state under a tightly controlled and restrictive process. Such an effort mostly ends up transplanting solutions and structures that are either completely disconnected from the local context or significantly inefficient.
The city administration seems to have decided to implement this project as a mega construction project that is aimed at achieving a fixed end-state. Such an approach will result in a significant number of missed opportunities besides making the sustainability of the project uncertain. While top-down policy guidance that provides the overall developmental framework is necessary, achieving a sustainable outcome from such projects would require coupling the top-down with a bottom-up process that generates adaptive and emergent solutions.
Fortunately, there are some local cases which could be used as a basis for facilitating an effective and efficient planning and implementation process that effectively combines the top-down with the bottom-up process. One such case is the Zoma Museum, which is located in Nefas Silk Lafto district, and which opened its doors to the public recently. This Museum, which was developed from scratch by two Ethiopians, is a microcosm of a sustainable system that combines ecological rehabilitation with social and economic development and artistic creativity.
The Addis Ababa River Bank Project could be instrumental in replicating such local initiatives across the city through a bottom-up process and thereby creating thousands of jobs while sustaining the long-term impact of the project. It could also serve as a practical education platform for a new generation of architects, engineers, ecologists and social scientists who are more creative solution providers.
There are some initial steps the City Administration should consider to facilitate such a process. It can establish a consortium of technical support institutions, including universities, NGOs and consulting companies that could provide professional guidance and input to the planning and implementation process. It can also organise youth groups that could be subcontracted in the implementation of the different components or segments of the river banks rehabilitation project and the subsequent management of the public spaces.
Identifying model cases such as Zoma Museum, which could be used as training and replication facilities for the project implementation, and facilitating their involvement will as well be crucial. The participation of local communities in the planning and implementation of the rehabilitation work in their respective localities should also be facilitated by the City Administration.
Most developing countries like Ethiopia are failing in their development efforts not due to lack of good intentions or finance but from the deployment of the wrong tools and approaches in transforming their plan into reality. I sincerely hope that the Addis Abeba Riverside Revitalisation Project will be saved from such failure.
PUBLISHED ON Apr 20,2019 [ VOL 20 , NO 990]
Editorial | Jul 10,2020
Radar | Aug 27,2022
Radar | Oct 26,2019
Radar | Dec 10,2022
Radar | Jun 08,2019
Fortune News | May 31,2020
Viewpoints | Jul 18,2020
Films Review | May 18,2019
My Opinion | Jun 19,2021
Radar | Oct 12,2019
Photo Gallery | 66986 Views | May 06,2019
Photo Gallery | 58759 Views | Apr 26,2019
Fortune News | 51764 Views | Jul 18,2020
Fortune News | 51421 Views | Sep 01,2021
Commentaries | Mar 18,2023
Life Matters | Mar 18,2023
My Opinion | Mar 18,2023
Sunday with Eden | Mar 18,2023
Agenda | Mar 18,2023
Editorial | Mar 18,2023
Dec 24 , 2022
Biniam Mikru heads the department of cabinet affairs under Mayor Adanech Abiebie. But...
Jul 2 , 2022 . By RUTH TAYE
On a rainy afternoon last week, a coffee processing facility in the capital's Akaki-Qality District was abuzz with activ...
Nov 27 , 2021
Against my will, I have witnessed the most terrible defeat of reason and the most sa...
Nov 13 , 2021
Plans and reality do not always gel. They rarely do in a fast-moving world. Every act...
Leaders of the National Election Board are in a charm offensive mood, of a sort. Last week, they organised a rare tour for members of the me...
When the country's most senior diplomats and envoys return back to their posts after two-week debriefings, they leave behind a point or two...
Mar 18 , 2023
Ethiopia's economy once hailed as a paragon of growth and development, now faces a co...
Mar 11 , 2023
Ethiopia is rapidly emerging as one of China's top African debtors, second only to An...
Mar 4 , 2023
Once again, Ethiopia has claimed international attention in the past few weeks for re...
Feb 25 , 2023
Millions of people in Ethiopia have continued to be deprived of access to information...
I met Solomon Desta a couple of years ago. He lives and works in a religious institu...
A comedian made a joke about how citizens' wishes are not granted but rather what government thinks is ou...
Mar 18 , 2023
Residents in the capital are all too familiar with the rationing of running water supply as the 0.48 million cubic meters of water pumped ou...
Mar 18 , 2023 . By MUNIR SHEMSU
Consumers in the Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State feel the pinch of a high cost of living, exacerbated by...
Mar 18 , 2023 . By AKSAH ITALO
A Korean-based consultancy firm, DONG IL Engineering Consultants bagged the contract to conduct a detaile...
Mar 18 , 2023 . By AKSAH ITALO
Authorities raise the minimum price threshold for horticultural products on vegetables and fruits exporte...
Or see contact page