Ethiopia Makes Slight Progress on Human Dev't Report

Dec 19 , 2020

Ethiopia stagnated in the 173rd position out of 189 countries listed on the 2020 edition of the Human Development Index (HDI) released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Ethiopia remained in the same position it occupied in the 2019 report although the HDI rating has improved slightly to 0.485 from 0.47. The rankings show that Ethiopia showed incremental advances in life-expectancy and education indices. The data also highlight that Gross National Income per capita has climbed higher to just over 2,200 dollars from the previous year's entry of 1,780 dollars. The report emphasises that world leaders need to address the pressure that is being exerted on the environment in order to safeguard stability and progress. It estimates that if things continue the way they are going, parts of the world could face up to 100 more days of extreme weather each year by 2100. The report maintains that tackling inequality, capitalising on innovation, and working with nature are the ideal ways forward. This year, the organisation has also introduced an experimental Human Development Index (HDI) that takes a country's carbon dioxide emissions and material footprints into account.



A young deacon baptises an eager crowd at Timket festivities around Janmeda field. Immersion in water represents a rebirth in initiation ceremonies in history. It symbolises the breaking of amniotic fluid (a liquid that surrounds the fetus) during birth, hinting towards a second birth on the planet. Water has had deep sociopolitical significance for Ethiopia as the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has been proceeding under three Prime Ministers. Exeeding the initial bud...



On a scorching hot afternoon, a pack of stray dogs take shade under a tree on Debrezeit road. A third of Ethiopia's landmass was reported to be covered in trees in the 19th century, deforestation has put that number at around 10pc. Emperor Minelik II was the first leader of Ethiopia to engage in reforestation as he imported the Australian Eucalyptus in 1895. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (PhD) also is enamoured by lush greenery to the degree he launched the Green Legacy Initiative three years ago...



A street vendor sells fresh-cut grass around Kera for the holiday season. Most households embellish the holiday atmosphere at home, by spraying 'Qetema' in the house. A green glaze is expanding across the capital, with a new public park being announced every few months. Lemi Park in the recently formed Lemi Kura sub-city is the latest of these projects scheduled for a 10 months construction period. Friendship and Entoto parks, with the Prime Minister Office overseeing the construction, have beco...