Radar | Dec 21,2019
May 11 , 2019
By TEMESGEN MULUGETA ( FORTUNE STAFF WRITER )
The Ministry of Finance established a 12-member public finance management advisory council that will facilitate government finance administration.
The Council includes two members from Addis Abeba University, five experts from the private finance sector, one NGO representative, a central bank official and two civil servants from the Ministry, to which it will be accountable.
Established two months ago and chaired by Eyob Tekalign (PhD), state minister for Finance, the Council has three working groups: accounting and reporting International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS); internal audits; and modernisation of the finance sector.
This comes as the country’s external debt climbed to almost a third of the gross domestic product (GDP) in the past fiscal year, compared to 18pc six years ago. With public and private debt standing at 61pc of GDP, the International Monetary Fund stresses that while liquidity risks are elevated, the public debt remains unsustainable.
In the first half of the current fiscal year, disbursement from multilateral institutions stood at 40.6 billion Br, more than double the amount in the previous fiscal year; and 17 billion Br was disbursed by bilateral partners, a 42pc drop from the same period a year ago.
Close to half of the disbursements were in the form of concessional loans that bear low-interest rates and long repayment periods.
It also comes at a time when the Ministry of Finance is undertaking reforms to address gaps in domestic revenue mobilisation. This includes a tax reform plan to revise excise taxes to generate 20 billion Br to 30 billion Br more a year, as well as the development of an electronic procurement system to make procurement more efficient and transparent.
The Ministry is exercising a more prudent fiscal policy following a rise in debt, disappointing government revenue and escalating inflation. Last fiscal year’s federal budget stood at 346.9 billion Br, five percent lower than that of the previous year in dollar terms.
An expert in the field, Eyob Tesfaye (PhD), believes that the establishment of the advisory council will make a positive change on the macroeconomy and will build accountability.
Besides minimising the expenditure of the government, it will improve budget quality and help bring economic growth to the country, according to the expert, a veteran macroeconomist currently serving as a member of the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia's board.
“The old habits of the finance sector will be the main challenge during the implementation period, but the establishment of the council shows the attention the sector is getting,” he said.
PUBLISHED ON May 11,2019 [ VOL 20 , NO 993]
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