Radar | Feb 11,2023
Oct 31 , 2020
By HAGOS GEBREAMLAK ( FORTUNE STAFF WRITER )
A federal training institute has revised its curricula, as well as increasing the period required to complete the first degree to four years, a one-year increase from the previous model. The previous curricula were in use for over a decade.
The Federal Technical Vocational Education & Training Institute, which offers 26 and 10 first degree and master's degree programmes, respectively, has revised the curricula of 19 of its programmes. It enrolls trainees in fields such as automotive engineering, construction, electronics, ICT, manufacturing technology, railway engineering, and surveying technology.
The revision, which took a year, also includes adding two new departments: waterworks & irrigation technology; and water supply & sanitation technology. While revising the curricula, experts from the Institute drew on the experiences of Germany, South Korea and China. Seventeen modules in fields such as history, geography, emerging technologies, critical thinking, global affairs, psychology, entrepreneurship, economics and anthropology have also been added to the coursework in all departments.
The update is set to be implemented beginning this academic year at both the Institute and 15 satellite polytechnic schools providing technical education across the nation. Vocational schools have been shut down since March as an effort to contain COVID-19. Still they are expected to open in the coming weeks along with other educational institutions in the country.
Two years ago, the Ministry of Education developed the Ethiopian Education Development Roadmap with the aim of reforming the education sector by 2030. The new revision was carried out based on the directives and specifications of the Roadmap, according to Teshale Berecha, director-general of the Institute.
Before launching the revision, the Institute conducted an assessment across technical and vocational schools on the quality of the education, and the assessment found that there have been significant problems on the efficiency of the training and pedagogy delivered to pupils, according to him.
"The students weren't obtaining the desired skills and knowledge," said Teshale. “There has been an insufficiency in internships, and students are obtaining limited technical skills especially."
Graduates normally go on to work as teachers in the training and vocational centres or as technicians for different enterprises. Graduate teachers had had problems wholly conceiving the pedagogy, and technicians were found to lack competency when they gained employment, according to Teshale.
The Institute realises the need for 12 new courses such as critical thinking, history, geography, psychology, mathematics, language and emerging technologies to remedy the situation. These courses will be delivered to students as part of the newly revised curricula.
Officials gathered that there is a need for extensive internships for students to equip them with necessary skills, according to Haftom Gebregziabher, deputy director-general for academics at the Institute.
With the revised curricula, the students will spend the summer season working in industries. Previously, there were no internship programmes available to students.
“There is much more demand for technical skills than theoretical skills in the economy," Teshale said. “We needed to make the curricula more practice-oriented,” Teshale said.
The Institute, which has enrolled 3,500 pupils so far, is now establishing workshops with fully equipped facilities, encouraging craftsmanship skills, technological innovation and imitation. IT skills courses that focus on technology automation will also be integrated into all programmes, and the Institute has established specialised computer labs at education centres to meet this end.
Last year, eight programmes were revised, and two new departments — apparel technology and textile technology — were added to the second-degree programme.
The new curricula include new programmes and courses that are timely and supportive to the economy, according to Chanayalew Eneyew (PhD), assistant professor of curriculum studies at Bahir Dar University. But the Roadmap was developed through a top-down approach, according to him.
The expert argues that the Roadmap and the curricula might have a flawed understanding of the professions that the economy demands.
“There should've been massive market assessments, which could've been used as input,” he said.
The more practical TVET education is vital to the economy, fulfilling the demands for a skilled workforce and promoting entrepreneurship, says the expert.
"But it hasn't been playing as significant a role as expected in the economy, as graduates have not had the skill levels necessary," said Chanyalew.
He recommends internships be given due attention to achieve the competency needed by industries. Currently, 10,000 students are enrolled at the Institute.
PUBLISHED ON Oct 31,2020 [ VOL 21 , NO 1070]
Radar | Feb 11,2023
Fortune News | Apr 20,2019
Fortune News | Oct 02,2021
Radar | Jun 04,2022
Fortune News | Aug 24,2019
Fortune News | Jan 11,2020
Fortune News | Nov 21,2018
Viewpoints | May 08,2021
Fortune News | Apr 15,2023
Films Review | Mar 23,2019
Dec 24 , 2022
Biniam Mikru heads the department of cabinet affairs under Mayor Adanech Abiebie. But...
Jul 2 , 2022 . By RUTH TAYE
On a rainy afternoon last week, a coffee processing facility in the capital's Akaki-Qality District was abuzz with activ...
Nov 27 , 2021
Against my will, I have witnessed the most terrible defeat of reason and the most sa...
Nov 13 , 2021
Plans and reality do not always gel. They rarely do in a fast-moving world. Every act...
Leaders of the National Election Board are in a charm offensive mood, of a sort. Last week, they organised a rare tour for members of the me...
When the country's most senior diplomats and envoys return back to their posts after two-week debriefings, they leave behind a point or two...
Dec 2 , 2023
The symphony of traffic noise in Addis Abeba is not just a sign of life, but a siren...
Nov 25 , 2023
Ethiopia's quest to develop a functioning capital market is a demanding yet not unach...
Nov 18 , 2023
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (PhD) has made a fervent call for landlocked Ethiopia to ga...
Nov 11 , 2023
In November last year, a ray of hope pierced the gloomy skies of Ethiopia as the Pret...
I have a love-hate relationship with my phone. It is my go to source for information. I enjoy interacting with text messages and browsing t...
Over the weekend, I attended a wedding where my husband was one of the protocols. Despite the typical joy...
Or see contact page